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History helps children develop an understanding of what life was like in the past as well as
helping them understand the things that are happening in the world today. They begin an
historical Learning Journey by asking questions about it. They then use a variety of
‘evidence’ to help answer those questions all the time remembering that there are always at
least two sides to a story - I know this side of the story but what is the other side of the
story? What does the evidence tell us, can it be relied upon, is there something else that can
tell us more, from whose perspective is this evidence written, can it be trusted? These are
the key questions that, as historians, they will ask.

In KS1 pupils develop an awareness of the past, using common words and phrases relating
to the passing of time. They develop their chronological understanding and identify
similarities and differences between ways of life in different periods. They also begin to use
historical terms and vocabulary. Children ask and answer questions, choosing and using
parts of stories and other sources to show that they know and understand the key features of
events whilst also understanding some of the ways in which we find out about the past and
the different ways it is represented.

In KS2 pupils continue to develop a chronologically secure knowledge and understanding of
British, local and world history establishing clear narratives within and across the periods
they study. Connections, contrast and trends over time are noted and an appropriate use of
historical terms is developed. Children regularly address and sometimes devise historically
valid questions about change, cause, similarity and difference and significance. They
construct informed responses that involve the thoughtful selection and organisation of
relevant historical information and they appreciate that our knowledge of the past is
constructed from a range of sources.

History programmes of study: key stages 1 and 2