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Geography helps children develop their understanding of the planet and begin to develop an
awareness of the way that everything in the world is interrelated. They begin to consider the
challenges and unpredictable nature of our planet and how changes in one area can affect
people and things way beyond.

In KS1 children develop knowledge about the world, the UK and their locality. They
understand basic subject – specific vocabulary relating to human and physical geography
and begin to use geographical skills, including first-hand observation, to enhance their
locational awareness.

Moving into KS2, pupils extend their knowledge and understanding beyond the local area to
include the United Kingdom and Europe and North and South America. This will include the
location and characteristics of a range of the world’s most significant human and physical
features. They should develop their use of geographical knowledge, understanding and skills
to enhance their locational and place knowledge.

Geography is taught within an overall topic with some discrete lessons but where possible
on an holistic basis within all other curriculum areas including hands on, practical
experiences. This helps to provide pupils with a more rounded and contextualised
understanding of the subject.

Geography programmes of study: key stages 1 and 2